Butterfly Plants for Southern Climates

Select scientific name for more information.

LARVAL PLANTS for BREVARD BUTTERFLIES – FOR
THE EGGS AND CATERPILLARS –
Native plants in italics
To Attract Larval Food Scientific Name
Swallowtails    
Pipevine SwallowtailPolydamus Swallowtail Dutchman’s Pipe Aristolochia
spp.
Zebra Swallowtail Paw Paw Asimina
spp.
Black Swallowtail DillFennelParsleyRue

Snakeroot

Anethum
graveolens
Feoniculum
vulgare
Petroselinium
crispum
Ruta
graveolens
Eryngium
yuccifolium
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Black CherryGreen AshSweet BayWhite Ash Prunus serotinaFraxinus pennsylvanica Magnolia
virginiana
Fraxinus americana
Spicebush Swallowtail Camphor TreeSassafrasSpicebushSwamp Bay Cinnamonum
camphora
Sassafras
albidum
Lindera
benzoin
Persea
palustris
Giant Swallowtail Hercules’ ClubHop TreeRueWild Lime Zanthoxylum
clava-hercules
Ptelea
trifoliata
Ruta
graveolens
Zanthoxylum
fagara
Whites Virginia Peppergrass Lepidium
virginicum
Sulphurs CassiaNecklace Pod Cassia
sp.
Sophora
tomentosa
Hairstreaks Live oakWax MyrtleWinged Sumac Quercus
virginiana
Myrica
cerifera
Rhus
copallina
Heliconians and Fritallaries Blue passionvineCorky-stemmed passion vineMaypop Passiflora
caerulea
Passiflora
suberosa
Passiflora
incarnata
Monarchs and Queens Mexican MilkweedSwamp MilkweedWhite Milkweed Asclepias
curassavica
Asclepias
incarnata
Asclepias
perennis
Skippers Beggar’s Tick Bidens
sp.

 

FLOWERS – FOR THEIR NECTAR
SHRUBS
Common name
Scientific name
Color
Season
Sun
Butterfly bush Buddleia spp varied Sp-F FS/PS
Firebush Hamelia
patens
red Sp-W FS/PS
Lantana Lantana
camara
varied Sp-W FS
Rosemary Rosmarinus
officinalis
blue W-Sp FS
Glossy abelia Abelia
X grandiflora
pink Sp-F FS/PS
Tarflower Befaria
racemosa
white/pink S FS
False Heather Cuphea
hyssopifolia
lavendar Sp-W FS/PS
Hibiscus Hibiscus spp. varied Sp-W FS/PS
Plumbago Plumbago
auriculata
lavender Sp-F FS/PS
Viburnum Viburnum
spp.
white Sp PS
PERENNIALS
Scarlet milkweed Asclepias
tuberosa
orange S-F FS
Stokes’ Aster Stokesia laevis white/blue S-F PS
Purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea purple S FS
Sunflower Helianthus
spp.
yellow S-F FS
Blazing-star Liatris
spp.
purple S-F FS
Mint Mentha,
Nepeta,etc.
lavender Sp-F FS
Pentas Pentas lanceolata varied Sp-F FS
Blue phlox Phlox
divaricata
blue Sp PS
Phlox Phlox
floridana
lavender Sp-S FS
Salvia Salvia
spp.
varied S-F FS
Sedum Sedum
spectabile
red F-W FS/PS
Blue porterweed Stachytarpheta
jamaicensis
blue Sp-F FS
Thyme Thymus
spp.
purple Sp-F FS
Coastal verbenaTampa vervain Verbena
maritima
verbena
tampensis
varied Sp-F FS
Yarrow Achillea
millefolium
varied S FS
Dotted Horsemint Monarda
punctata
purple S FS/PS
ANNUALS
Ageratum Ageratum
spp.
blue Sp-S FS
Borage Borago
officinalis
blue S-F FS
Cosmos Cosmos
bipinnatus
varied S FS
Flowering tobacco Nicotiana
alata
varied S FS/PS
Small scabious Scabiosa columbaria varied S-F FS
Shasta daisy Chrysanthemum
spp.
white Sp-S FS/PS
Sweet william Dianthus spp. varied Sp-W FS/PS
Gaillardia Gaillardia
pulchella
yellow/red Sp-S FS
Strawflower Helichrysum
spp.
varied Sp-S FS
Phlox Phlox
drummondii
varied Sp-S FS
Black-eyed susan Rudbeckia
hirta
yellow S FS
Marigold Tagetes
spp.
yellow Sp-F FS
Zinnia Zinnia
spp.
varied Sp-F FS
VINES
Mexican flame vine Senecio
confusus
orange S FS/PS

Sp=Spring S=Summer F=Fall W=Winter FS=Full Sun PS=Partial Sun

 

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